Healthy Eating Plan

Healthy eating pie chart

Healthy eating pie chart (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

A healthy eating plan is important for all people, regardless of your age. There are many resources that you can turn to make your own and not all plans will work for you. If you have immunity issues or allergies, you might have to visit a dietician or your doctor to get a specific plan that is tailored for your needs, which may mean avoiding certain foods that everyone else might eat.

A healthy eating plan also depends on your personal tastes. If you do not like meat and adore vegetables, fruits, grains and seeds, you may well choose a vegetarian plan. If you are an athlete, you might have to eat a plan designed to increase your proteins and carbohydrates. For those who need to lower their cholesterol or avoid bad carbohydrates, you might have to have a low-carb diet. For others who have problems with high estrogen, salt intake or even gluten, specified adjustments may need to be made to ensure that the right amount of nutrients and calories are consumed to avoid malnutrition and serious complications.

Generally, a healthy eating plan will include what you eat for breakfast, lunch and dinner, as well as snacks and drinks. In a regular diet, you will have to find a balance of foods from four main food groups, including meats and alternatives, dairy products, grains and seeds and vegetables and fruit. Most importantly, to ensure that your plan is healthy, you should have at least 6 to 8 glasses of water daily to allow your body to process everything and make the best use of the nutrients that you are consuming.

When trying to formulate a healthy eating plan for yourself or anyone else, always consult with a doctor and/or a dietician. There are many resources provided by health organizations and government ministries/departments worldwide to help you determine your needs, including those that relate to your cultural foods. Your local health nurse usually can provide you with ample literature to ensure that your consumption is as it should be and help you determine the needs for people with special health requirements, including those for children, the elderly, infants, nursing or pregnant mothers and those with compromised immune systems.

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Causes of diabetes

Fig. 2 The pancreas. 1. pancreatic head. 4. pa...

Fig. 2 The pancreas. 1. pancreatic head. 4. pancreatic body. 11. pancreatic tail. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

There are a number of causes of diabetes that many people are aware of because of the increase in the media advertising about the disease. However, not all diabetes are as obvious and sometimes getting a formal diagnosis make take years. As such, some causes may not be as obvious or well known as some people may realize, but there are also many misconceptions about the causes as well.

Usually diabetes happens when your pancreas fails to produce sufficient insulin or the insulin that your body has produced does not work as it should, which causes your body’s glucose levels to get too high. However, this varies depending on the type of diabetes. In type one, the destruction of pancreas cells prevents you from producing insulin, which may result possibly from an autoimmune response, a bacterial or viral infection, consumption of chemical toxin contaminated foods, and/or exposure to milk from cows at too young an age. In type two, your pancreas produces the insulin, but your body cells do not respond to it, meaning that you develop an insulin resistance, which may be due to a lack of exercise, obesity, aging, particular medicines, diseases or illnesses that damage or affect your pancreas or pregnancy.

Contrary to popular opinion and rumours, the causes of diabetes cannot be caused by eating bad food, wrong foods or even sweet foods. Though eating those might cause you to become obese, which in regards to the strain on your body due to the weight gain can lead potentially to diabetes, food alone is not the cause. Additionally, stress is not a cause because it has no direct effect on the pancreas or the reaction of the body towards insulin. However, stress can trigger of an immunity reaction whereby the body attacks itself, which can thus lead potentially to diabetes. Most importantly, you cannot catch diabetes as it is not contagious and there is no existing evidence to show that it is hereditary.

The causes of diabetes are very well known. Though many myths exist about its triggers, the reality is that diabetes is mainly caused by the pancreas malfunctioning, the insulin not being effective, excessive weight gain and potentially other illnesses or diseases. However, there are many on-going studies that may yet reveal more information that will help scientists identify which people will get diabetes and why they specifically will get it when others do not. Sometimes, people develop diabetes for completely unknown reasons.

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Best Diet for Diabetes

A diet rich in soy and whey protein, found in ...

A diet rich in soy and whey protein, found in products such as soy milk and low-fat yogurt, has been shown to reduce breast cancer incidence in rats. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

When diabetes is diagnosed, it heralds a total life style change many, if not all areas. One of the most important areas that undergo a major change is the diet. Joined with careful, increased scrutiny,the diabetes food guide, also formally referred to as medical nutrition therapy, or MNT, it occupies the central area of concern for all diabetics. Living with the diet of a diabetic isn’t as harsh as one may imagine; it is a nutritional plan that not is not only suited for diabetics but is recommended for those who don’t have diabetes.

Your body will develop a very risky rise in glucose as a measure against the excessive intake of fat content and calories. Serious health concerns can ensue, like potentially high risk blood glucose ratios, and heart injuries, kidney damage and nerve damage which are consistent with complications resulting from excessively high glucose/blood ratios. In considering the risks that one runs by not following a strategic diet, it naturally follows that the necessity for making reasoned decisions regarding your diet is a priority.

Your doctor will provide you with a referral to a dietician if you have been diagnosed with either pre-diabetes or diabetes and she’ll assist you in creating a comprehensive diet through fundamental changes in an effort to help you better manage weight proportions and glucose levels. Successful weight management in conjunction with a balanced, well managed diet has numerous benefits in and of themselves and they are a literal life saver for those that have been diagnosed with diabetes.

A registered dietician will help you to identify the good from the bad in your existing diet and then help create a formula to follow that will see managed levels of proteins nutrition spread over the course of meals consumed during the day. Under the auspices of the MNT, foods like those with carbohydrates, foods with rich sources of fibre, fish, natural oils  and fats will provide you with nutrition without exposing you to the hazards of foods that you should avoid. These are saturated fats, sodium, (affectionately known as salt), trans fats, and cholesterol.

Diabetes can be debilitating if you let it control you. With your doctor’s watchful eye and a registered dieticians well balanced meal plan and your studious efforts at blood sugar management, your lifestyle will change little and your body and your life will give you more with the right diet.

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Diabetes Test

The Fischer projection of the chain form of D ...

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The treatment of diabetes begins with knowing what to look for and how to evaluate the information gleaned through testing. When properly administered and interpreted, this information can protect against the adverse effects that diabetic symptoms can cause such as blindness, kidney failure, amputation, and the development of heart disease. Equally the opposite, a misinterpretation of test readings can lead to the loss of valuable time needed to treat symptoms (if the signs are not seen) or the administration of treatment when it is not required. This can cause shock and severe side effects as a result. Accuracy in interpretive analysis is important for everyone concerned with diabetes. It is a life saver, to be sure.

Blood testing is one of two common methods to evaluate blood glucose levels. There are four areas of interpretive analysis utilized in these tests. First, is Random blood glucose testing without fasting as a pre-requisite. This is conducted if there is a suspicion of diabetes along with some of the traits associated with a diabetic episode: frequent bathroom trips to urinate, an increase in fluid intake, and fatigue and the glucose level are higher than 200 milligrams/dL. This test should be cross referenced with the results from a blood test taken after a fasting period. The second blood test evaluation is called the Hemogoblin A1c test. This means of glucose analysis is usually performed as way of determining how well the patient is managing his own glucose levels or as a way of testing for symptoms leading to diabetes. The fasting blood glucose level is a test to determine if diabetes is present. Diabetes is successfully diagnosed if as a result of that test the levels are 126mg/dL after two separate tests are performed. Known as either prediabetes or impaired fasting glucose, it is found if levels in the range between 100 and 126 mg/dL are conclusive. These results are consistent with possibilities and the traits typical of type 2 diabetes. The final test is referred to as the oral glucose tolerance test . Typically utilized for those with type 2 diabetes, the positive diagnosis will, after two hours, demonstrate a level more than 200 mg/dL.

Finally, a urine test is another option by which ketones and glucose are found to be present, however this test isn’t recommended as a final stop in the evaluation of diabetes in and off itself, but rather in conjunction with any one of the above mentioned blood tests as well.

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Diabetes Treatment

OneTouch Ultra2 is being used by a diabetic pa...

OneTouch Ultra2 is being used by a diabetic patient. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Diabetes is a chronic, many times debilitating disease that affects millions of Americans each year. In many cases, people weren’t even aware that they had diabetes until it was accidentally discovered by physicians in one way or another. There are three different kinds of diabetes with some overlapping symptoms and equally, overlapping treatment. They are type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes and gestational diabetes. This article deals with the manner by which diabetes can be successfully managed but it must be borne in mind that there is no known cure for it.

The key word that we are dealing with here is the successful management of diabetes to offset, reduce or treat the symptoms that are typical of diabetes in its varying forms. These objectives can be obtained through careful monitoring of physiological characteristics such as blood pressure evaluation and blood glucose monitoring. By getting educated on diabetes, good exercise, medication, nutritious, balanced meals and proper foot care, diabetics can live well. Needless to say, the overall purpose of diabetic management is to not only live longer but to ensure a better quality of life as well as diminish the symptoms associated with diabetes and the potential threats to the human physiology such as kidney failure, blindness, heart disease and even amputation.

Bearing in mind the swift, frightening manner by which type 1 diabetes can accelerate to dangerous, life threatening levels, it is vital that the newly diagnosed diabetic acquire the skills relevant to the management of diabetes. Some of these skills are knowing how to self administer medication through oral use or my insulin injection, reading and understanding urine samples for keytone levels (this is for type 1 diabetes only), planning a good diet and regulating when you eat, how to manage yourself if you’re feeling the effects of diabetes and how to evaluate and maintain records of blood glucose levels.

Maintaining regular contact with your family physician and obtaining the knowledge necessary for the successful management and treatment of diabetes is important as a wealth of valuable information. Your doctor will keep you on track with the correct information as regards exercise, diet and blood glucose monitoring but remember, sharing information goes both ways; maintaining a good record of your activities, glucose levels and diet intake and sharing that information with your physician will keep everyone involved with your diabetes properly appraised so that the necessary adjustments can be made to maintain a healthy, active life in spite.

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Food pyramid

The USDA's original food pyramid from 1992.

The USDA’s original food pyramid from 1992. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

The concept of a comprehensive food nutrition guide is thought to have been the  brainchild of Swedish writer Anna Britt Agnsater, first published about 1974. The American Department of Agriculture has revised and improved on it. First published in 1992, it utilised a pyramid style mnemonic in which the suggested food groups and daily quantity intake was outlined. It was a visual food guide graphic that remained in use until 2011 when it was replaced with a new publication distributed by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) called MyPlate. Several other countries have also published their own version of nutrition based on the idea of the pyramid graphic as created by the USDA.

The established food groups as outlined are the Carbohydrates, vegetables, fruits, oils, dairy and meat and beans. Vegetables provide essential minerals and vitamins and it is suggested that the average person eat about two to three meals with vegetables daily, however the balance of vitamin and mineral depends on the form of vegetable you’re eating, therefore it is important to consume a variety of vegetable to maintain this balance. Believe it or not, your balance depends on the color of the vegetable. Dark green and orange coloured vegetables have vitamin C, green vegetables have vitamin A, and you can find minerals such as calcium and iron in ruffage vegetables like broccoli. Although it is well known that vegetables have nearly no calories and extremely minimal amounts of fat, the manner by which it is cooked can alter that.

Fats, the bane of many a person on a diet, is actually not all bad so long as the correct kind of fat and amount are consumed. Oils that are typically found in cooking oils or in butter products along with foods that have a high fat content are considered hazardous to your health in and of themselves and in the quantities that you consume. Some kinds of vegetable, fish, fruits and even nuts will provide a healthy dose of fats but remember that in oil, moderation must be exercised! Meats as part of the recommended food group is nutritious and known for its content of essential proteins and vitamins but it too can have measures of fat that are considered unhealthy so a balance of meat with this mental note in mind will keep fat levels at a minimum. Dairy foods too have fat content but that doesn’t mean that it should be put on the back burner in consideration either as it has vitamins A, B, C calcium and phosphorus.

For adults, the recommended daily intake of these food groups range between two to three servings per day along with foods containing carbohydrates (which the body converts to glucose), fruits and meats. Everything in moderation must be eaten with the important note to remember that not all that you eat is good for you if you consume too much of it.

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Diabetes Symptoms

English: Overview of the most significant poss...

English: Overview of the most significant possible symptoms of diabetes. See Wikipedia:Diabetes#Signs_and_symptoms for references. Model: Mikael Häggström. To discuss image, please see Template talk:Häggström diagrams (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Diabetes affects more than twenty million Americans each year. While it is a disease that is ongoing and lasts a lifetime, many people, namely those that have Type 2 diabetes are completely unaware that they even have the disease in the first place. The symptoms to be aware of are issues with weight loss, fatigue, blurred vision, hunger, excessive thirst, numerous trips to the bathroom, and hunger.

As in the matter of type 1 diabetes, the most prevailing symptoms that make up this disease are characterised by continued loss of weight even with an increase in appetite, nausea, acceleration in thirst, vomiting, urination on a more frequent than normal basis, and fatigue. Because type 1 diabetes is a disease that builds very slowly over the course of time, it is many times only found when the patient develops symptoms that require an emergency room visit.

Type 2 diabetes is somewhat more difficult to identify in people that are carrying the disease because in many situations, those who actually have it  are not even aware that they have it. Unlike type 1 diabetes, this category of diabetes is one the evolves much slower and those that are with a higher level of blood sure exhibit and suffer no symptomatic effects what so ever. This is not to say that there aren’t symptoms or signs to watch for that may indicate further investigation. People who experience an increase in visits to the bathroom for urination, experience blurred vision, find themselves easily fatigued or fatigued on an ongoing basis, find themselves more frequently thirsty or even hungrier than usual may want to consider getting themselves tested for the possibility of type 2 diabetes or diabetes in general.

So, as we’ve discovered, a large population of Americans are affected by this debilitating, and chronic disease and in many situations, many people are carrying on with their day to day lives obliquely unaware that they have the disease and likely not likely to find out that they have it unless for some reason emergency treatment for a sudden health concern arises. So, be aware of your body!

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Diabetes

English: Diagram shows insulin release from th...

English: Diagram shows insulin release from the Pancreas and how this lowers blood sugar leves. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Through the understanding of the fundamentals of the human digestive system, we can begin to explore the causes and the symptoms that characterize the chronic disease known as diabetes. This is a permanent problem that affects as much as 20 million Americans a year and the efforts to fight back and eliminate this problem are ongoing.

After an ingested meal, the proteins, calories and fats are reduced to a type of sugar, the so called glucose, which provides the nutrition and energy required by the body. It then enters into the bloodstream where it is then distributed throughout the body. This movement is achieved through the aid of a very important organ, called the pancreas. The pancreas produces the insulin needed to transport the glucose to the various components of the human physiology where it is converted to fuel and utilized in muscle, the liver and the cells. To summarize the purpose of this insulin created by the pancreas: it is a hormone that helps to regulate the sugar contained in the blood.

Diabetes is typified by the presence of higher than normal levels of sugar in the blood at any one time. The root causes of diabetic symptoms is the inability of liver cells, of fat and/or muscle to interact well with the insulin produced by the pancreas or the failure of the pancreas to produce enough of the insulin required to ensure adequacy of the digestive system. In some cases, both of these elements of diabetes are present.

Know your enemy. There are varying forms of major diabetes and they are, Type 1 & 2 diabetes, and gestational diabetes. Now Type 1 is a diabetes form that is mostly found in children in which the production of insulin is either minimal or not present at all and the necessity of injections on a daily basis is required. Although a lot of people older than the ages of twenty are found to have this disease. Although autoimmune issues, viruses and genetics may have some relevance in the evolution of diabetes in the individual, the actual cause is not yet known.

Type 2 diabetes is a form that is one that is found in the majority of diagnoses, and while it is commonly identified in adults, is known to affect younger people as well. This is primarily owing to the failure of the body to relate positively with the insulin made but as well it can be caused by poor exercise and diet.

Gestational diabetes, finally, occurs at random times for non diabetic women who are at different stages in pregnancy and the effects of this particular form of diabetes can have longer lasting effects such as cardiovascular disease or type 2 diabetes at a later date in their lives.

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