Diabetes

English: Diagram shows insulin release from th...

English: Diagram shows insulin release from the Pancreas and how this lowers blood sugar leves. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Through the understanding of the fundamentals of the human digestive system, we can begin to explore the causes and the symptoms that characterize the chronic disease known as diabetes. This is a permanent problem that affects as much as 20 million Americans a year and the efforts to fight back and eliminate this problem are ongoing.

After an ingested meal, the proteins, calories and fats are reduced to a type of sugar, the so called glucose, which provides the nutrition and energy required by the body. It then enters into the bloodstream where it is then distributed throughout the body. This movement is achieved through the aid of a very important organ, called the pancreas. The pancreas produces the insulin needed to transport the glucose to the various components of the human physiology where it is converted to fuel and utilized in muscle, the liver and the cells. To summarize the purpose of this insulin created by the pancreas: it is a hormone that helps to regulate the sugar contained in the blood.

Diabetes is typified by the presence of higher than normal levels of sugar in the blood at any one time. The root causes of diabetic symptoms is the inability of liver cells, of fat and/or muscle to interact well with the insulin produced by the pancreas or the failure of the pancreas to produce enough of the insulin required to ensure adequacy of the digestive system. In some cases, both of these elements of diabetes are present.

Know your enemy. There are varying forms of major diabetes and they are, Type 1 & 2 diabetes, and gestational diabetes. Now Type 1 is a diabetes form that is mostly found in children in which the production of insulin is either minimal or not present at all and the necessity of injections on a daily basis is required. Although a lot of people older than the ages of twenty are found to have this disease. Although autoimmune issues, viruses and genetics may have some relevance in the evolution of diabetes in the individual, the actual cause is not yet known.

Type 2 diabetes is a form that is one that is found in the majority of diagnoses, and while it is commonly identified in adults, is known to affect younger people as well. This is primarily owing to the failure of the body to relate positively with the insulin made but as well it can be caused by poor exercise and diet.

Gestational diabetes, finally, occurs at random times for non diabetic women who are at different stages in pregnancy and the effects of this particular form of diabetes can have longer lasting effects such as cardiovascular disease or type 2 diabetes at a later date in their lives.

Enhanced by Zemanta

One thought on “Diabetes

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *